About the C.D. Howe Institute

The C.D. Howe Institute is an independent not-for-profit research institute whose mission is to raise living standards by fostering economically sound public policies. Widely considered to be Canada's most influential think tank, the Institute is a trusted source of essential policy intelligence, distinguished by research that is nonpartisan, evidence-based and subject to definitive expert review.

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Consumers' Interests and Protection


Smokes, Smugglers and Lost Tax Revenues: How Governments Should Respond
February 28, 2017 - Anindya Sen

Provinces should fight contraband cigarettes with better policing, and reforming government allocation of cigarettes to Aboriginal reserves, rather than impose higher taxes, according to new...

Rethinking Ontario's Electricity System with Consumers in Mind
September 3, 2014 - Michael Wyman

Ontario electricity consumers will benefit from less risk and lower prices if the province moves to a capacity market for obtaining generation, according to a report from the C.D. Howe Institute....

Uncorking a Strange Brew: The Need for More Competition in Ontario's Alcoholic Beverage Retailing System
August 19, 2014 - Anindya Sen and Paul R. Masson

The lack of competition in Ontario’s system for alcoholic beverage retailing causes higher prices for consumers and foregone government revenue, according to a report from the C.D. Howe Institute...

May 22, 2013 - Marty McKendry and Robert Mysicka

Governments in Canada maintain monopolies in certain sectors of the economy through regulations that advance private interests at an unreasonable cost to consumers, according to a report from the...

Putting the Market Back in Dairy Marketing
March 13, 2013 - Colin Busby and Daniel Schwanen

Canada’s controversial but politically untouchable dairy supply management system can be reformed, while addressing the concerns of wary politicians, consumers tired of overpaying for milk and...

May 31, 2011 - Benjamin Dachis and Jan Carr

Ontario’s subsidy program for renewable electricity suppliers will cost Ontario electricity users about $310 a year, per household, unless the program is reformed, according to a report released...

James M. Mabbutt - Consumer Protection, Banks and Federal Authority
Intelligence Memos
From: James M. Mabbutt To: Finance Minister Morneau Date: December 21, 2016 Re: Consumer Protection, Banks and Federal Authority Your proposed budget implementation legislation (Bill C-29) set up a...
Rosalie Wyonch - Canada’s Food Guide: Building on Shaky Foundations
Intelligence Memos
From: Rosalie Wyonch To: Minister of Health, The Hon. Jane Philpott Date: November 17, 2016 Re: Canada’s Food Guide - Building on Shaky Foundations The federal government recently announced plans to...
Ben Dachis - Keep Easing Foreign Ownership Rules on Airlines
Intelligence Memos
From: Benjamin Dachis To: Minister Marc Garneau CC: Minister Navdeep Bains Date: November 7, 2016 Re: Keep Easing Foreign Ownership Rules on Airlines Last week, your government announced that it...

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© 2014 C.D. Howe Institute. All Rights Reserved.