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The C.D. Howe Institute is an independent not-for-profit research institute whose mission is to raise living standards by fostering economically sound public policies. Widely considered to be Canada's most influential think tank, the Institute is a trusted source of essential policy intelligence, distinguished by research that is nonpartisan, evidence-based and subject to definitive expert review.

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Economic and Policy Retrospective


What do the Different Measures of GDP Tell Us?
December 8, 2016 - Philip Cross

How one views GDP has important implications for policymaking, states a new working paper from the C.D. Howe Institute. In "What do the Different Measures of GDP Tell Us?", author Phillip Cross ...

The Benefits of Hindsight: Lessons from the QPP for Other Pension Plans
October 1, 2015 - Luc Godbout, Suzie St-Cerny and Yves Trudel

The experience of the Quebec Pension Plan (QPP) offers serious lessons for new public pension plan options, in particular the pending Ontario Retirement Pension Plan (ORPP) and Canada Pension Plan...

October 24, 2012 - Philip Cross and Philippe Bergevin

Market-based economies tend to exhibit cyclical behaviour. The recent financial crisis, with devastating impacts that are still being felt today, has added urgency to the drive to improve our...

August 16, 2011 - Paul Jenkins, Philippe Bergevin and Pierre Duguay

Our understanding of the links between the financial sector and the rest of the economy needs to improve, concludes a report from the C.D. Howe Institute. In When Nightmares Become Real:...

The economic lessons of Donald Trump’s victory - C.D. Howe Fellow
In the United States and around the world, millions of people are now asking “how could this happen?” How can we make sense of an America in which Donald Trump becomes the next president? Discovering...
By John Richards A small jurisdiction in a monetary union, with a debt that exceeds 100 per cent of its gross domestic product. Its bonds enjoy more-or-less junk status. An election brings to power a...
Economist Adam Smith's greatest legacy is his balanced approach: Globe and Mail Op-Ed
Published in the Globe and Mail on June 16, 2015 By Christopher Ragan  Christopher Ragan is an associate professor of economics at McGill University in Montreal and a research fellow at the C.D. Howe...

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© 2014 C.D. Howe Institute. All Rights Reserved.