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The C.D. Howe Institute is an independent not-for-profit research institute whose mission is to raise living standards by fostering economically sound public policies. Widely considered to be Canada's most influential think tank, the Institute is a trusted source of essential policy intelligence, distinguished by research that is nonpartisan, evidence-based and subject to definitive expert review.

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Poverty and Inequality


Toward a New Balance in Social Policy: The Future Role of Guaranteed Annual Income within the Safety Net
January 24, 2017 - Peter Hicks

Providing a comprehensive, one-size-fits-all guaranteed annual income (GAI) is not the best solution to fighting poverty in Canada, according to a new report from the C.D. Howe Institute. In “...

Pooled Registered Pension Plans: Pension Savior – or a New Tax on the Poor?
August 23, 2012 - Alexandre Laurin and James Pierlot

Ottawa should rethink the tax rules for Pooled Registered Pension Plans (PRPPs) or they will not realize their potential to be a good pension savings vehicle for Canadians, according to a report...

What CIDA Should Do: The Case for Focusing Aid on Better Schools
April 30, 2012 - John Richards

The Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) could improve its development aid impact by focusing on basic education, according to a report released today by the C.D. Howe Institute. In...

May 18, 2011 - Alexandre Laurin and Finn Poschmann

Quebec residents, on average, face the worst tax bite on take-home pay in the country, according to a report from the C.D. Howe Institute. In “What Has Happened to Quebecers’ Marginal Effective...

April 27, 2011 - Alexandre Laurin and Finn Poschmann

The marginal effective tax rate on personal income has declined for most Canadians over the past decade, but has risen for many low-to-middle-income families with young children, which reduces...

High minimum wages have minimum benefit: Globe and Mail Op-Ed
Ontario and Alberta will soon dramatically increase their minimum wages to $15 an hour. Unfortunately, these fast and sizable minimum-wage increases are likely going to reduce employment and increase...
Peter Hicks - The Federal and Ontario Approaches to Fighting Poverty: Too Much Emphasis on Income?
Intelligence Memos
From: Peter Hicks To: The Honourable Jean-Yves Duclos, Minister of Families, Children and Social Development, Government of Canada The Honourable Dr. Helena Jaczek, Minister of Community and Social...
We Have a Lot Better Ways to Relieve Poverty Than the Outdated ‘Guaranteed Minimum Income’: Financial Post Op-Ed
The accumulation of past failures in fighting poverty has breathed new life into proposals to introduce a basic income, also known as a Guaranteed Annual Income. Ontario, for example, has a pilot...
Les contribuables québécois, en moyenne, sont assujettis aux ponctions fiscales les plus importantes du pays, selon un rapport récent de l’Institut C.D. Howe. Dans « Que sont devenus les taux...

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© 2014 C.D. Howe Institute. All Rights Reserved.